List of massacres in Lebanon

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The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in Lebanon (numbers may be approximate):

Name Date Location Deaths Notes
1860 Mount Lebanon civil war July 9–11, 1860 Beirut and Damascus, Syria 7,000-25,0000 A civil war between Druze and Christians in Mount Lebanon where large massacres of Christians at Deir al-Qamar, Hasbaya, Rashaya and elsewhere took place. Conflict spilled over to Damascus where Druze and Sunni Muslim paramilitary groups organized pogroms against Christian residents and refugees; 326 villages, 560 churches, 28 colleges, 42 convents, and 9 other religious establishments were completely destroyed. Many Druze and Muslims were also killed during the conflict.
Hula massacre October 31, 1948 Hula 35-58 Hula, located in Lebanon, was captured on October 24 by the Carmeli Brigade of the Israel Defense Forces without any resistance. The women and children were expelled, most of the men aged between 15 and 60 were shot. In total between 35 and 58 men were executed in a house which was later blown up on top of them.[1]
Bus massacre April 13, 1975 Beirut 300 27 Palestinian civilians travelling in a bus in the Ain el Rummaneh area of Beirut were killed by Christian Phalangists in initial attack, many more people were killed in subsequent fighting in other areas of the city
Karantina massacre January 18, 1976 Beirut 300-1500 Karantina was a predominantly Muslim slum -with Lebanese, Palestine refugees and other people- in northeastern Beirut, and was overrun by the Lebanese Christian militias.
Damour massacre January 20, 1976 Damour 684 Palestine Liberation Organisation units attacked a Christian town, purportedly [as revenge] of the earlier Karantina massacre by Christian militias. Among those killed were Phalangist militiamen and family members of Christian militia leader Elie Hobeika and his fiancée. Hobeika later led the Phalangists in the Sabra and Shatila massacre, with aid of Israeli army.
Tel al-Zaatar massacre August 12, 1976 Beirut 1500-3000 deaths (4,000 injured) Christian Phalangists and other right wing Christian militias besieged Tel al-Zaatar, and after heavy fighting they killed Palestinian civilian refugees and PLO feddayeen or fighters.
Aishiyeh massacre October 19-21, 1976 Aishiyeh between 60 and 80 (including 7 under 16) Fatah and As-Sa'iqa massacred the predominantly Christian village, though it was overshadowed by the massacres of Tel al-Zaatar and Damour earlier the same year
Ehden massacre June 13, 1978 Ehden 40
Safra massacre July 7, 1980 Safra 83
Sabra and Shatila massacre September 16, 1982 West Beirut 762-3500 Numbers are disputed. Sabra and Shatila were Palestinian refugee camps with both Sunni and Christian Palestinian refugees, as well as some poor Lebanese Shi'a and Kurds.
Mountain war massacres 1983 South Mount Lebanon 3000-5000 Druzes forces massacred thousands of Christian civilians ethnically cleansing South Mount Lebanon from Christian presence.
1983 United States embassy bombing April 18, 1983 Beirut 63 Islamic militants bombed United States embassy
1983 Beirut barracks bombing October 23, 1983 Beirut 307 Victims were mostly Americans
War of the Camps May 1985 West Beirut 3,781 dead and 6,787 injured Sabra, Shatila and Burj el-Barajneh Palestinian refugee camps were besieged and bombed by the Shi'ite Amal militia, with Syrian Army support. Some activity occurred after May 1985
October 13 massacre October 13, 1990 Beirut 740-940 2000 injured; Maronite Lebanese soldiers and civilians were killed by Syrian forces after surrender
1996 shelling of Qana April 18, 1996 Qana 106 106 Killed - 116 injured; 106 Lebanese Civilians taking refuge at a UN compound were killed by artillery shells fired by the Israeli Defence Force. Israel immediately expressed regret for the attacks, saying that Hezbollah militants had been the target and that the compound was hit "due to incorrect targeting based on erroneous data." The subsequent UN report indicated that the shelling was unlikely to be a mistake.
Qana airstrike July 30, 2006 Qana 28 28 civilians were killed when the Israeli Air Force carried out an air strike on a three-story residential building in al-Khuraybah near the South Lebanon village of Qana. Israel expressed regret for the attacks and accused Hezbollah, the intended target, of shooting rockets at Israel from the vicinity and of using Lebanese civilians as human shields.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tveit, Odd Karsten (2010) Goodbye Lebanon. Israel's First Defeat. Rimal Publication. Translated by Peter Scott-Hansen. ISBN 978-9963-715-03-9. p.368. Quoting General Dov Yermiya.