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Timeline of Philippine history

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This is a timeline of Philippine history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in the Philippines and their predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of the Philippines. See also the list of Presidents of the Philippines.

Graphic timeline

Philippine history timeline.png

Pre-historic

Year
(BCE)
Date Event Source
500,000 The early humans in the Cagayan cave.
400,000 People belonging to the species Homo Erectus set foot on the Philippines.
55,000 The first Homo Sapiens in the Philippines.
50,000 Early humans made stone tools in the Tabon Cave in Palawan.
8,000 The ancestors in the other caves: Batangas, Bulacan and Rizal.
The other caves of Palawan: Guri and Duyong cave where the Homo Sapiens lived.
40,000 Negritos start to settle.
35,000 At the old Kapampangan region was ten times larger than the present borders shown on the map, years ago, a series of the ancient Mount Pinatubo eruptions dumped lava, ashes, tephra and lahar into the sea, forming the present landmass of the region.
20,000 Tabon Man made stone tools in the Tabon Cave.
4,500–300 Multiple Austronesian migrations from Taiwan. [1][2]
A jade culture is said to have existed as evidenced by tens of thousands of exquisitely crafted jade artifacts found at a site in Batangas province. [1][2]
c.4000 Earliest evidence of rice growing, domesticating chickens and pigs.
3,000 Presumed date of the Angono Petroglyphs.
c.2000 The Igorots built forts made of stone walls that averaged several meters in width and about two to three times the width in height around [3][4]

11th centuries BCE

Year
(BCE)
Date Event Source
c.1000 BCE. The Late Neolithic period in the Philippines, Evidence shows by a Yawning Jarlet on the Burial site in Leta-leta caves in Palawan by Robert Fox which had later become National treasure in the Philippines.
Mining in the Philippines began around 1000 BC. The early Filipinos worked various mines of gold, silver, copper and iron. Jewels, gold ingots, chains, calombigas and earrings were handed down from antiquity and inherited from their ancestors. Gold dagger handles, gold dishes, tooth plating, and huge gold ornamets were also used. [5]

9th–10th centuries BCE

Year
(BCE)
Date Event Source
901 BCE The beginning of Iron Age finds in Philippines also point to the existence of trade between Tamil Nadu and the Philippine Islands during the ninth and tenth centuries B.C.

1st century BCE

Year
(BCE)
Date Event Source
890–710 BCE The Sa Huyun culture, Evidence can be found in Manunggul Jar which is a secondary burial jar excavated from a Neolithic burial site in Manunggul cave of Tabon Caves at Lipuun Point. The depiction of sea-waves on the lid places this Manunggul jar in the Sa Huỳnh culture pottery tradition. These are people that migrated in an East to West migration from the Borneo-Palawan area to Southern Vietnam.
600 BCE The people of Palawan, Cordillera an Batanes become an Ancient goldsmith’s, An Ancient goldsmith shop had discovered that made the 20-centuries-old lingling-o, or omega-shaped gold ornaments in Batanes.
c. 500 BCE The end of a long clan wars between Ifugao and Kalinga people, The unification of the clans and tribes makes the entire society of Cordillera.
The Banaue Rice Terraces had been constructed by the Igorots in the mountains of Ifugao for planting rice.
c.400 BCE larger villages came about- usually based near water, which made traveling and trading easier. The resulting ease of contact between communities meant that they began to share similar cultural traits, something which had not previously been possible when the communities consisted only of small kinship groups.
300-200 The start of the Carabao or Water buffaloes domestication and husbandry.
100 BCE Pomponius Mela, Marinos of and the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mentioned this island in 100 BC, and it is basically the equivalent to the Indian Suvarnadvipa, the "Island of Gold." Josephus calls it in Latin Aurea, and equates the island with biblical Ophir, from where the ships of Tyre and Solomon brought back gold and other trade items.

1st century AD

Year Date Event Source
21 AD The Philippines is believed by some historians to be the island of Chryse, the "Golden One," which is the name given by ancient Greek writers in reference to an island rich in gold east of India.
Cebu had earlier encounter with the Greek traders in 21 AD.

2nd −3rd Century

Year Date Event Source
101 Since at least the 3rd century, the indigenous peoples were in contact with other Southeast Asian and East Asian nations.Fragmented ethnic groups established numerous city-states formed by the assimilation of several small political units known as barangay each headed by a Datu or headman (still in use among non-Hispanic Filipino ethnic groups) and answerable to a king, titled Lakan and Rajah.
c.200 AD The Maitum Jars are anthropomorphic jars that were depicting a Child/ Human beings (head is the lead of the jar with ears and the body was the jar itself with hands and feet as the handle) with perforations in red and black colors, had been used as a secondary burial jars in Ayub cave, Pinol, Maitum Sarangani province, each of the jars had a "facial expression". Another example of funeral pottery in the Philippines.
Marks the end of the Sa Huyun Culture, The People are merged into different Chiefdoms, Kingdoms and Thalassocracies, But the remnants of Sa Huyun has still practiced by the natives of Masbate the artifacts can be found in Kalanay Cave proof that the ancient Masbatenios still practiced the Sa Huyun culture until 1500 AD.
220–263 AD. The period of Three Kingdoms in China. The "Little, dark people" living in Anwei province in South China were driven South by Han people. Some settled in Thailand, others went farther south to Indonesia, Sumatra, Borneo. They were known as Aetas from whom Palawan's Batak tribe descended.

4th century onwards

Year Date Event Source
400 The development of inter-island and international trade, became more culturally homogeneous.
The Thalassocracies Converted to Hinduism and Buddhism and adopted the Hindu-Buddhist culture and religion flourished among the noblemen in this era.

7th century

Year Date Event Source
c.601 The Chiefdoms of Zabag and Wak-Wak situated in present day Pampanga and Aparri specialized the trade with Japan and the Kingdom of Ryukyu in Okinawa and Hyrum tambok.
Numerous prosperous centers of trade had emerged, including the Tondo, Kingdom of Namayan which flourished alongside Manila Bay, Cebu, Iloilo, Butuan, the Kingdom of Sanfotsi situated in Pangasinan.

8th century

Year Date Event Source
700 The Birth of Kawi script, this Abugida are become widely used in the Maritime Southeast Asia, the word Kawi or Kawikaan means "Poetry" in Sanskrit.

10th century

Year Date Event Source
900 April 21 End of prehistory. Laguna Copperplate Inscription, the earliest known Philippine document, is written in the Manila area in Kawi script.
Rise of Indianized Kingdom of Tondo around Manila Bay.
Hinduism spread across the archipelago.
971-982 The earliest date suggested for direct Chinese contact with the Philippines was 982. At the time, merchants from "Ma-i" (now thought to be either Bay, Laguna on the shores of Laguna de Bay, or a site on the island of Mindoro [6]
1000 Buddhism and Hinduism along with the Animism become the religion of the most of Philippine archipelago by the influence of its neighbors.
c.1025 AD Around the feet of Mt.Kamhatik near Mulanay town in Quezon Province once stood a 280-hectaire ancient village where the archeologists found a 1000 year-old limestone coffins on a jungle-covered mountain top from 2011–2012 proof of the advance burial rituals of the early Filipinos. [7][8]

11th century

Year Date Event Source
1000 People from Central Vietnam called Orang Dampuan establish trade zones in Sulu
1001 March 17 Song Shih document records tributary delegation from the Indic Rajahnate of Butuan.
1003 The construction of Idjangs in Batanes Islands (mountain fortress-cities) built by Ivantans.

12th century

Year Date Event Source
1007 The Malay immigrants arrived In Palawan, most of their settlements were ruled by Malay chieftains.
1150 Gat Timamanukum become the Lakan of the Tondo Dynasty.
c.1155 At the time, the trade in large native Ruson-tsukuri (literally Luzon made in Japanese: 呂宋製 or 呂宋つくり) clay jars used for storing green tea and rice wine with Japan flourished in the 12th century, and local Tagalog, Kapampangan and Pangasinense potters had marked each jar with Baybayin letters denoting the particular urn used and the kiln the jars were manufactured in.
1174–1175 The Visayan Confederation of Madyas conducted a series of raids on Formosa (Modern day Taiwan), which was part of Song Dynasty China.
1175 Namayan reaches its peak.
c. 1180 Before the establishment of the Sultanate of Sulu, The Indianized chiefdom of Lupah Sug (which is the present day Jolo, Sulu) was flourishing. Dwelling of the Buranun peoples under the rule of Rajah Sipad the Older.

13th century

Year Date Event Source
1200 The Indonesians of the Majapahit in the 13th century went to Palawan, they brought with them Buddhism and preached to the natives, natives converted their faith from Animism and become Buddhists.
The process of Kabayan mummification had begun in Ibaloi Benguet which is also called Fire mummies.
1221 Tondo expands its territories north towards Kapampangan kingdom, in the leadership of Rajah Alon.
1221 Tondo expands its territories southward towards Kumindang (which is the present location of Batangas province), in the leadership of Rajah Alon.
1223 Tondo expands its territories southward towards Bicolandia in the leadership of Rajah Alon.
1240 Tuan Masha'ika, an Arab, travels and introduces Islam to Sulu.
1225 The Tondo conquered the most of Southern Luzon.
The Buddhist Huangdom of Ma-i was flourishing in the island of Mindoro, became a Tributary state to Song Dynasty in the leadership of Gat Sa Lihan as their Huang (king). Zhao Rugua, a superintendent of maritime trade in Fukien province wrote the book entitled Zhu Fan Zhi ("Account of the Various Barbarians") in which he described trade with a country called Ma-i in the island of Mindoro in Luzon,(pronounced "Ma-yi") which was a prehispanic Philippine state.

14th century

Year Date Event Source
1300 The Rajahnate of Cebu was founded after the rebellion of Sri Lumay against the Maharajah of Chola Dynasty had succeeded.
c.1305 The Residents of Mandaluyong have always been known for their industry. Men did the laundry to the amusement of non-residents until shortly after the war, while the women ironed the clothes.
1365 Kingdom of Tondo defeated Majapahit in the Battle of Manila.
1369 The Sulus attacked Majapahit and its province Po-ni (Brunei), looting it of treasure and gold. A fleet from Majapahit succeeded in driving away the Sulus, but Po-ni was left weaker after the attack.
1380 Sheikh Karim-ul Makhdum arrives in Jolo and builds a Mosque.
1390 Baguinda Ali arrives in Buansa, Sulu and the people named him Rajah.
1400 Birth of the Baybayin, Hanunoo, Tagbanwa, and Buhid scripts from Brahmi.
1411 Paduka Pahala reigned as the King of Lupah Sug in Sulu. He and his family and 300 other people of noble descent sailed to China, he was to pay tribute to the Yongle Chinese emperor, Zhu Di, who was of the Ming Dynasty. While he was welcomed by the emperor upon his arrival in China, he nevertheless contracted a mysterious disease on his way home and died at Dezhou, a town in Shandong province in China.

15th century

Year Date Event Source
1405 The Yongle Emperor instituted a Chinese envoy on Luzon during Zheng He's voyages and appointed Ko Ch'a-lao to that position in 1405. China also had vassals among the leaders in the archipelago. China attained ascendancy in trade with the area in Yongle's reign.
1411 December 11 The Yongle Emperor holds a banquet in honor of Pangasinan and its Huang Liyu.
1457 Sultanate of Sulu founded by Sayyid Abubakar Abirin. [9]
1458–1459 October 1547 – February 1549 The Lucoes, or warriors from Luzon send soldiers to the Burmese Siamese wars and faced the White elephants of the Royal Burmese Army, at the same time also aiding the Burmese King for the conquest of the Siamese capital, Ayuthaya.
1470 Namayan Become the Vassal state of the Tondo Dynasty and instated Lakan Takhan as sovereign. The vast Kingdom comprised what are now Quiapo, San Miguel, Sta, Mesa, Paco, Pandacan, Malate, Sta. Ana in Manila, and Mandaluyong, San Juan, Makati, Pasay, Pateros, Taguig, Parañaque, and portions of Pasig and Quezon City up to Diliman that were then part of Mandaluyong.

16th century

Year Date Event Source
1500 In the Battle of Manila the Tondo Dynasty defeated by Bruneian Empire. And the Rise of Kingdom of Maynila the puppet state under the Bolkiah dynasty had installed its puppet ruler under Rajah Sulayman.
The eruption of Mount Pinatubo in recorded history, The Buag Eruptive Period, Its eruptions were roughly the same size as those of 1991.
Sultan Bolkiah of Bruniean Empire Allies which is Maynla, Sultanate of Sulu and Maguindanao had failed to attack the Panay Island and wage a war against the Madyas Confederation.
1521 March 16 Ferdinand Magellan lands on Homonhon with three small ships, named the Concepcion, Trinidad and Victoria. Magellan calls the place the Archipelago de San Lazaro since March 16 is the feast day of Saint Lazarus [10][11]
March 28 Magellan reaches the Philippines [10][11]
March 29 Blood Compact between Magellan and Rajah Kulambo of Limasawa [10][11]
March 31 The first mass on Philippine soil is celebrated. [11][12]
April 7 Magellan meets Rajah Humabon of Cebu and enters into another Blood Compact. Humabon and his wife are baptized into the Catholic Church. [10][11]
April 27 Magellan is killed by Lapu-Lapu in the battle of Mactan. [10][11]
1525 Spain sends an expedition under Juan Garcia Jofre de Loaysa to the Philippines. The Loaysa Expedition failed [11]
1526 Spain sends another expedition under Juan Cabot to the Philippines. The Cabot Expedition also failed [11]
1527 Spain sends a fourth expedition under Alvaro de Saavedra to the Philippines. [11]
1529 Saavedra's expedition returns to Spain without Saavedra who died on the way home. [11]
1536 The Loaysa expedition returns to Spain. One of its survivors is Andres de Urdaneta, its chronicler. [11]
1543 Spain sends a fifth expedition under Ruy López de Villalobos to the Philippines. The Expedition succeeds. [11]
February 2 Villalobos arrives in the Philippines and names the islands of Samar and Leyte as Las Islas Filipinas in honor of the crown prince of Spain, Philip of Asturias [11]
1565 February 13 Miguel López de Legazpi arrives in the Philippines with four ships and 380 men [11][13]
May 8 Legazpi established the first permanent Spanish settlement in the country [11][13]
June 4 Legazpi, representing King Philip II of Spain, and Rajah Tupas of Cebu signed the Treaty of Cebu, effectively establishing Spanish suzerainty over Cebu.
Philippines was governed as a territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
1567 Dagami Revolt (1567) [14][15][16][17][18]
1568 The Portuguese, under the command of General Gonzalo de Pereira, attack Cebu and blockade its port.
1570 The Portuguese again attack the colony and are repulsed.
May Legazpi sends an expedition under the leadership of Martin de Goiti to Manila. [13]
1571 May 19 The ruler of Manila, Rajah Suliman, wages war against the Spaniards
June 24 Legazpi establishes the Spanish Colonial Government in Manila and proclaims it the capital of the colony [13]
1572 August 20 Legazpi dies and Guido de Lavezaris succeeds him as Governor-General (1572–1575) [13][19]
1574 November 23 The Chinese pirate captain Limahong attacks Manila but fails
December 2 Limahong again attacks Manila with 1500 soldiers but again fails to defeat the Spaniards
December Lakandula leads a short revolt against the Spanish. [14][15][16][17][18]
1575 Ciudad de Nueva Cáceres (later renamed as Naga City) established by Captain Pedro de Sanchez
August 25 Francisco de Sande appointed Governor-General (1575–1580) [19]
1579 Diocese of Manila established [20][21]
1580 April Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñaloza appointed Governor-General (1580–1583) [19]
King Philip II of Spain becomes King of Portugal, ending the Portuguese harassment of the Philippines
The Spaniards institute forced labor on all male natives aged 16 to 60.
1582 Battles take place between Spanish forces and Japanese Ronin
1583 March 10 Diego Ronquillo appointed Governor-General (1583–1584) [19]
August A great fire destroys Manila
1584 May 16 Santiago de Vera appointed Governor-General (1584–1590) [19]
1585 Pampangos Revolt (1585) [14][15][16][17][18]
1586 The construction of San Agustin Church in Intramuros.
1587 Conspiracy of the Maharlikas (1587–1588) [14][15][16][17][18]
1589 Revolts Against the Tribute (1589) [14][15][16][17][18]
1590 Missionaries from the Society of Jesus established the Colegio de Manila in Intramuros. [3][22][23]
June 1 Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas appointed Governor-General (1590–1593) [19]
1592 Miguel de Benavides's Doctrina Christiana in Chinese published
1593 Doctrina Christiana in Spanish and Tagalog published
October Pedro de Rojas appointed Governor-General (1593) [19]
December 3 Luis Pérez Dasmariñas appointed Governor-General (1593–1596) [19]
1595 Diocese of Manila raised to an Archbishopric [20][21]
Diocese of Nueva Segovia established. [20][21]
Diocese of Caceres established. [20][21]
Diocese of Cebu established. [20][21]
Colegio de San Ildefonso founded in Cebu
1596 Magalat Revolt (1596) [14][15][16][17][18]
July 14 Francisco de Tello de Guzmán appointed Governor-General (1596–1602) [19]
1598 Colegio de Santa Potenciana, the first school for girls in the Philippines, established [22][24][25][26]
1600 Pedro Bucaneg inscribes the oral epic Biag ni Lam-ang

17th century

Year Date Event Source
1600 The Dutch attacks the archipelago in a tactical offensive during the European war between Spain and the Netherlands
Bandala System is formed by the Spanish Colonial Government
The Galleon trade between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico begins.
1601 Igorot Revolt (1601). [14][15][16][17][18]
August 1 Colegio de San Jose is established [22][27][28][29]
1602 Chinese revolt of 1602 [14][15][16][17][18]
May Pedro Bravo de Acuña appointed Governor-General (1602–1606). [19]
1606 June 24 Cristóbal Téllez de Almanza appointed Governor-General (1606–1608) by the Audiencia Real. [19]
1608 June 15 Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco appointed Governor-General (1608–1609). [19]
1609 April Juan de Silva appointed Governor-General (1609–1616). [19]
1611 April 28 University of Santo Tomas established as the Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario (later renamed the Colegio de Santo Tomas). [22][30][31]
1616 April 19 Andrés Alcaraz appointed Governor-General (1616–1618) by the Audiencia Real. [19]
1618 July 3 Alonso Fajardo de Entenza appointed Governor-General (1618–1624). [19]
1619 University of Santo Tomas, then known as Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santissimo Rosario, recognized by the Holy See. [30][31]
1620 Colegio de San Juan de Letran established as the Colegio de Huerfanos de San Pedro y San Pablo. [22][32][33][34]
1621 The Colegio de Manila raised to the status of a University and renamed as the Universidad de San Ignacio by Pope Gregory XV. [3][22]
Tamblot Revolt (1621–1622) [14][15][16][17][18]
Bankaw Revolt (1621–1622) [14][15][16][17][18]
1624 July Jeronimo de Silva appointed Governor-General (1624–1625) by the Audiencia Real. [19]
July Fernando de Silva appointed Governor-General (1624–1626). [19]
1625 Isneg Revolt (1625–1627) [14][15][16][17][18]
1626 June 29 Juan Niño de Tabora appointed Governor-General (1626–1632). [19]
1627 University of Santo Tomas, then Colegio de Santo Tomas, authorized to confer degrees by Pope Urban VIII. [30][31]
1632 July 22 Lorenzo de Olaza appointed Governor-General (1632–1633) by the Audiencia Real. [19]
Colegio de Santa Isabel established [22][35][36]
1633 August 29 Juan Cerezo de Salamanca appointed Governor-General (1632–1635). [19]
1635 June 25 Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera appointed Governor-General (1635–1644). [19]
1639 Cagayan Revolt (1639) [14][15][16][17][18]
1640 Universidad de San Felipe de Austria established as the first Public University in the Philippines [22][37]
1643 Universidad de San Felipe de Austria closed down [22][37]
Ladia Revolt (1643) [14][15][16][17][18]
1644 August 11 Diego Fajardo Chacón appointed Governor-General (1644–1653). [19]
1645 The Colegio de Santo Tomas raised to the status of a university and renamed as University of Santo Tomas by Pope Innocent X, upon the request of King Philip IV of Spain. [30][31]
Zambales Revolt (1645) [14][15][16][17][18]
Pampanga Revolt (1645) [14][15][16][17][18]
1647 Dutch besieged the Spanish in the Battle of Puerto de Cavite.
1649 Sumuroy Revolt (1649–50) [14][15][16][17][18]
Pintados Revolt (1649–50) [14][15][16][17][18]
1653 July 25 Sabiniano Manrique de Lara appointed Governor-General (1653–1663). [19]
1660 Zambal Revolt (1660) [14][15][16][17][18]
Maniago Revolt (1660) [14][15][16][17][18]
Malong Revolt (1660–1661) [14][15][16][17][18]
1661 Ilocano Revolt (1661) [14][15][16][17][18]
1662 Chinese revolt of 1662 [14][15][16][17][18]
1663 September 8 Diego de Salcedo appointed Governor-General (1663–1668). [19]
Tapar Revolt (1663) [14][15][16][17][18]
1668 September 28 Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz appointed Governor-General (1668–1669). [19]
1669 September 24 Manuel de León appointed Governor-General (1669–1677). [19]
1677 September 21 Francisco Coloma appointed Governor-General (1677) by the Audiencia Real. [19]
Francisco Sotomayor y Mansilla appointed Governor-General (1677–1678) by the Audiencia Real. [19]
1678 September 28 Juan de Vargas y Hurtado appointed Governor-General (1678–1684). [19]
1680 May 12 University of Santo Tomas placed under Royal Patronage by King Charles II of Spain. [30][31]
1681 Sambal Revolt (1681–1683) [14][15][16][17][18]
1684 August 24 Gabriel de Curuzealegui y Arriola appointed Governor-General (1684–1689). [19]
1686 The construction of Paoay Church in Ilocos Norte.
Tingco plot (1686)
1689 April Alonso de Avila Fuertes appointed Governor-General (1689–1690) by the Audiencia Real [19]
1690 July 25 Fausto Cruzat y Gongora appointed Governor-General (1690–1701). [19]

18th century

Year Date Event Source
1701 December 8 Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri appointed Governor-General (1701–1709). [19]
1709 August 25 Martín de Urzua y Arismendi appointed Governor-General (1709–1715). [19]
1715 February 4 Jose Torralba appointed Governor-General (1715–1717) by the Audiencia Real. [19]
1717 August 9 Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda appointed Governor-General (1717–1719). [19]
1718 Rivera Revolt (1718) [14][15][16][17][18]
1719 October 11 Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta of Manila becomes acting Governor-General (1719–1721). [19]
Caragay Revolt (1719) [14][15][16][17][18]
1721 August 6 Toribio José Cosio y Campo appointed Governor-General (1721–1729). [19]
1722 Colegio de San Jose conferred with the title Royal.
1729 August 14 Fernándo Valdés y Tamon appointed Governor-General (1729–1739). [19]
1739 July Gaspar de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1739–1745). [19]
1744 Dagohoy Rebellion (1744–1829)
1745 September 21 Archbishop Juan Arrechederra of Manila becomes acting Governor-General (1745–1750). [19]
Agrarian Revolt (1745–1746) [14][15][16][17][18]
1750 July 20 Jose Francisco de Obando y Solis appointed Governor-General (1750–1754). [19]
1754 May 15 Mt Taal emits magma and destroys the towns of Lipa, Sala, Tanauan and Talisay.
July 26 Pedro Manuel de Arandia Santisteban appointed Governor-General (1754–1759). [19]
1759 June Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta appointed Governor-General (1759–1761). [19]
1761 July Archbishop Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra of Manila appointed Governor-General (1761–1762). [19]
1762 Silang Revolt (1762–63)
Palaris Revolt (1762–1765)
Camarines Revolt (1762–1764)
Cebu Revolt (1762–1764)
British forces looted and plundered many of Manila establishments through the so-called Rape of Manila.
September 22 British fleet entered seizes Manila Bay as part of the Seven Years' War
October 5 Manila fell under the British rule; start of the British occupation.
October 6 Simón de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1762-17614) by the Real Audiencia. Provisional Government established in Bacolor, Pampanga with de Anda as dictator. [19]
November 2 The British East India Company commissioned The Rt Hon. Dawsonne Drake became the first British governor-general of the Philippines until 1764. [19]
1763 Dabo and Marayac Revolt (1763)
Isabela Revolt (1763).
February 10 Treaty of Paris implicitly returns Manila to Spain.
May 28 Deaths of Gabriela Silang, the only Filipina to have led a revolt, and her husband Diego.
1764 March 17 de Anda hands over the control of the colonial government to Francisco Javier de la Torre, newly appointed Governor-General (1764–1765) [19]
June 11 The last of the British ships that sailed to Manila leaves the Philippines for India, ending the British occupation.
1765 February 10 Royal Fiscal of Manila Don Francisco Léandro de Viana writes the famous letter to King Charles III of Spain, later called as "Viana Memorial of 1765". The document advised the king to abandon the colony due to the economic and social devastation created by the Seven Years' War. The suggestion was not heeded.
July 6 José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez appointed Governor-General (1765–1770) [19]
Governor Raon orders the minting of parallelogramic-shaped coins called barrillas, the first coined minted in the Philippines. [19]
1769 July 23 The Society of Jesus in the Philippines is expelled by Raón after receiving a dated later from Charles III's chief minister Don Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea on March 1, 1767. The Jesuit's Properties are confiscated by the Spanish Colonial Government
1770 July Simón de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1770–1776) [19]
1771 Moro pirates traveled all over the country and raids many fishing villages in Manila Bay, Mariveles, Parañaque, Pasay and Malate.
1774 November 9 Parishes secularized by order of King Charles III of Spain.
1776 October 30 Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (1776–1778) [19]
1778 July José Basco y Vargas appointed Governor-General (1778–1787) [19]
1780 Real Sociedad Economica de los Amigos del Pais de Filipinas (Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Philippines) introduced in the Philippines to offer local and foreign scholarships and professorships to Filipinos, and financed trips of scientists from Spain to the Philippines
1783 Bishop Mateo Joaquin de Arevalo of Cebu establishes the Colegio-Seminario de San Carlos (later renamed as the University of San Carlos) from the old building of the defunct Colegio de San Ildefonso, which was closed down in 1769 after the suppression of the Jesuits.
1785 Lagutao Revolt (1785).
May 20 University of Santo Tomas granted Royal Title by King Charles III of Spain. [30][31]
1787 September 22 Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (1787–1788) [19]
1788 Ilocos Norte Revolt (1788).
April 2 Birth of the greatest Tagalog poet from Bulacan Francisco "Balagtas" Baltazar.
July 1 Félix Berenguer de Marquina appointed Governor-General (1788–1793) [19]
1793 September 1 Rafael María de Aguilar y Ponce de León appointed Governor-General (1793–1806) [19]

19th century

Year Date Event Source
1805 Nueva Vizcaya Revolt (1805)
1806 August 7 Mariano Fernández de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (1806–1810) [19]
1807 Ambaristo Revolt (1807)
1808 May French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte installs his brother Joseph Bonaparte as King of Spain.
1809 January 22 King Joseph Bonaparte gives Filipinos Spanish Citizenship and grants the colony representation in the Spanish Cortes
1810 March 4 Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar appointed Governor-General (1806–1813) [19]
1812 March 19 The Spanish Cortes promulgates the Cadiz Constitution
September 24 The first Philippine delegates to the Spanish Cortes, Pedro Perez de Tagle and Jose Manuel Coretto take their oath of office in Madrid, Spain.
1813 March 17 The Cadiz Constitution implemented in Manila.
September 4 José Gardoqui Jaraveitia appointed Governor-General (1806–1816) [19]
October 16 Napoleon is defeated in the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig
October British General Duke of Wellington drives the Napoleonic forces out of Spain
1814 Ferdinand VII proclaimed as King of Spain; Conservatives return to the Spanish Cortes
1815 June 18 Napoleon is defeated in Waterloo
October 15 Napoleon is exiled in St. Helena's Island
1816 Cadiz Constitution is rejected by the conservative government and Filipino representation in the Spanish Cortes is abolished
December 10 Mariano Fernández de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (1816–1822) [19]
1818 February 2 Old Ilocos split into the new provinces of Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur, by a Royal Decree. [38]
1822 October 30 Juan Antonio Martinez appointed Governor-General (1822–1825) [19]
1825 October 14 Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Abarca appointed Governor-General (1825–1830) [19]
1828 Earthquake strikes Manila destroying many of its buildings
1830 December 23 Pascual Enrile y Alcedo appointed Governor-General (1830–1835) [19]
Manila is opened to the world market
1835 March 1 Gabriel de Torres appointed Governor-General (1835) [19]
April 23 Joaquín de Crámer appointed Governor-General (1835) [19]
September 9 Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo y Varona appointed Governor-General (1835) [19]
Chamber of Commerce is formed
1837 August 27 Andrés García Camba appointed Governor-General (1837–1838) [19]
Manila is made an open port.
1838 December 29 Luis Lardizábal appointed Governor-General (1838–1841) [19]
Florante at Laura is published.
1841 February 14 Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri appointed Governor-General (1841–1843) [19]
November 4 Apolinario Dela Cruz better known as Hermano Pule was executed.
1843 June 17 Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1843–1844) [19]
1844 July 16 Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa appointed Governor-General (1844–1849) [19]
1849 December 26 Antonio María Blanco appointed Governor-General (1849–1850) [19]
1850 July 29 Antonio de Urbistondo y Eguía appointed Governor-General (1850–1853) [19]
1852 December 4 Glowing avalanche from Mt Hibok-Hibok.
1853 December 20 Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1853–1854) [19]
1854 February 2 Manuel Pavía y Lacy appointed Governor-General (1854) [19]
October 28 Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1854) [19]
November 20 Manuel Crespo y Cebrían appointed Governor-General (1854) [19]
1856 December 5 Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1856–1857) [19]
1857 January 12 Fernándo Norzagaray y Escudero appointed Governor-General (1857–1860) [19]
1859 Jesuits return to the Philippines
Jesuits takes over the Escuela Municipal and establishes the Ateneo Municipal
1860 January 12 Ramón María Solano y Llanderal appointed Governor-General (1860) [19]
August 29 Juan Herrera Davila appointed Governor-General (1860–1861) [19]
1861 February 2 José Lemery e Ibarrola Ney y González appointed Governor-General (1861–1862) [19]
June 19 Jose Rizal, Philippines' National Hero is born.
Escuela de Artes Y Oficios de Bacolor established as Asia's oldest vocational school.
1862 July 7 Salvador Valdés appointed Governor-General (1862) [19]
July 9 Rafaél de Echagüe y Bermingham appointed Governor-General (1862–1865) [19]
1863 June 3 An earthquake leaves Manila in ruins
November 30 Andres Bonifacio, founder of the Katipunan, was born.
1864 July 23 Apolinario Mabini, the Brains of the Revolution, was born.
1865 University of Santo Tomas made the center for public instruction throughout the Philippines by royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain. [30][31]
Observatorio Meteorológico del Ateneo Municipal de Manila (Manila Observatory) established by the Jesuits
March 24 Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1862–1865) [19]
April 25 Juan de Lara e Irigoyen appointed Governor-General (1862–1865) [19]
1866 July 13 José Laureano de Sanz y Posse appointed Governor-General (1866) [19]
September 21 Juan Antonio Osorio appointed Governor-General (1866) [19]
September 27 Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1866) [19]
October 26 José de la Gándara y Navarro appointed Governor-General (1866–1869) [19]
1867 Colegio de Santa Isabel established in Naga by Bishop Francisco Gainza, OP of Nueva Caceres, through the royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain.
1869 November 17 Suez Canal opened
Colegio de Santa Isabel inaugurated as the first Normal School in Southeast Asia
June 7 Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1866) [19]
June 23 José de la Gándara y Navarro appointed Governor-General (1869–1871) [19]
1871 The Gabinete de Fisica of the University of Santo Tomas established as the first Museum in the Philippines. [30][31]
The Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas is established as the first school of Medicine and Pharmacy in the Philippines. [30][31]
April 4 Rafael de Izquierdo y Gutíerrez appointed Governor-General (1871–1873) [19]
1872 January 20 200 Filipino soldiers stage a mutiny in Cavite.
February 17 Priests Mariano Gomez, José Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora (together known as Gomburza) are implicated in the Cavite Mutiny and executed.
1873 January 8 Manuel MacCrohon appointed Governor-General (1873) [19]
January 24 Juan Alaminos y Vivar appointed Governor-General (1873–1874) [19]
1874 March 17 Manuel Blanco Valderrama appointed acting Governor-General (1874) [19]
June 18 José Malcampo y Monje appointed Governor-General (1874–1877) [19]
1875 The Colegio de San Jose incorporated into the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas. [30][31][39][40]
1877 February 28 Domingo Moriones y Murillo appointed Governor-General (1877–1880) [19]
1880 March 20 Rafael Rodríguez Arias appointed Governor-General (1880) [19]
April 15 Fernando Primo de Rivera, 1st Marquis of Estella appointed Governor-General (1880–1883)(1st Term) [19]
Manila is connected through telegraphic cable with Europe by Eastern Telecom.
July 18 Two shocks of an earthquake create destruction from Manila to Santa Cruz, Luguna. Tremors continue until Aug 6
1882 March 3 Jose Rizal leaves for Spain to continue his medical studies
June 2 Jose Rizal begins writing the Noli Me Tangere
1883 March 10 Emilio Molíns becomes acting Governor-General (1883). (First Term) [19]
April 7 Joaquín Jovellar appointed Governor-General (1883–1885) [19]
1884 Required forced labor of 40 days a year is reduced to 15 days by the Spanish Colonial Government.
June 21 Rizal finishes his medical studies in Spain
1885 April 1 Emilio Molíns becomes acting Governor-General (1885). (First Term) [19]
April 4 Emilio Terrero y Perinat appointed Governor-General (1885–1888) [19]
1886 May 10 Felix Manalo, founder of Iglesia ni Cristo is born.
1887 May 29 Noli Me Tangere published.
October Rizal starts writing the El Filibusterismo
The Manila School of Agriculture is established.
1888 March 10 Antonio Molto becomes acting Governor-General (1888) [19]
Federico Lobaton became acting Governor-General (1888) [19]
Valeriano Wéyler appointed Governor-General (1888–1891) [19]
December 10 La Solidaridad established
1891 March 28 Rizal finishes writing El Filibusterismo in Biarritz, France
El Filibusterismo published in Ghent, Belgium
Eulogio Despujol appointed Governor-General (1891–1893) [19]
1892 June 26 Rizal arrives in the Philippines from Europe via Hong Kong
July 3 Rizal forms the La Liga Filipina
July 7 Rizal is arrested for establishing the La Liga Filipina
Andres Bonifacio secretly established the Katipunan.
Rizal is exiled to Dapitan
September 23 Filipino painter Juan Luna shot dead his wife Paz Pardo De Tavera.
1893 March 10 Federico Ochando becomes acting Governor-General (1893) [19]
Ramón Blanco appointed Governor-General (1893–1896) [19]
1894 July 8 Bonifacio forms the Katipunan
October 17 Sorsogon province was separated from Albay province. [38]
1895 First local (municipal) elections
1896 July 1 Rizal is recruited as a physician for the Spanish Army in Cuba by Governor Ramon Blanco
August 6 Rizal returns to Manila from Cuba
August 19 The Katipunan discovered by the Spanish Colonial Government. Katipuneros flee to Balintawak
August 23 Revolution is proclaimed by Bonifacio at the Cry of Balintawak. Katipuneros tear up their cedulas
August 26 Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto and other Katipuneros board Rizal's ship to Barcelona. They offer his rescue but Rizal refused
August 30 Revolutionary Battle at San Juan del Monte. Governor Ramon Blanco proclaims a state of war in Manila, Laguna, Cavite, Batangas, Pampanga, Bulacan, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija.
Battle of San Juan del Monte took place.
September 2 Rizal Boards the ship Isla de Panay for Barcelona
September 4 Four members of Katipunan involved in the Battle of San Juan del Monte, were executed on the Campo de Bagumbayan.
September 12 Thirteen Filipinos were executed in Cavite.
October 3 Rizal arrives at Barcelona
October 4 Rizal is imprisoned in Montjuich by order of Capt. Gen. Despujo
October 6 Rizal returns to Manila as a prisoner
October 31 A new group of the Katipunan is formed in Cavite headed by Emilio Aguinaldo
November 13 Rizal arrives in Manila and is incarcerated in Fort Santiago
November 20 Rizal is interrogated for charges against the Spanish Colonial Government
December 13 Camilo Polavieja becomes acting Governor-General (1896–1897) [19]
December 30 Rizal is executed at Bagumbayan
1897 January 4 Eleven of the 15 Filipinos of Bicol were executed at the Luneta in Manila
January 11 Thirteen Filipinos were executed at Bagumbayan
March 22 The Katipunan holds its election. Emilio Aguinaldo is elected as president
March 23 Nineteen Filipinos of Kalibo, Aklan were executed
April 15 José de Lachambre becomes acting Governor-General (1897) [19]
April 23 Fernando Primo de Rivera appointed Governor-General (1897–1898) [19]
April 29 Katipuneros arrest Andres Bonifacio and his brothers Procopio and Ciriaco on orders of Aguinaldo with sedition and treason before a military court of the Katipunan.
May 8 The Katipunan convicts and sentences Bonifacio brothers to death
May 10 Andres Bonifacio and his brothers are executed at Mt. Buntis, Maragondon, Cavite.
May 31 Aguinaldo establishes a Philippine republican government in Biak-na-Bato, San Miguel, Bulacan.
August 10 Aguinaldo begins negotiating with the Spaniards colonial government in Manila with Pedro Paterno as representative.
August 15 A 7.9 intensity estimated earthquake hits Luzon's northwest coast
November 1 Constitution of Biak-na-Bato promulgated
December 14 Pact of Biak-na-Bato between Aguinaldo and Governor Primo de Rivera signed
December 27 Aguinaldo is self-exiled to Hong Kong following the Pact of Biak-na-Bato
1898 February 8 The Katipunan is revived by Emilio Jacinto and Feliciano Jocson
April 11 Basilio Augustín appointed Governor-General (1898) [19]
April 24 The US government promises support in exchange for his cooperation. Aguinaldo agrees
April 26 The US declares war on Spain.
May 1 Commodore George Dewey attacks Manila
May 19 Aguinaldo and his companions return to the Philippines from exile
May 24 Aguinaldo proclaims a dictatorial government and issues two decrees which show his trust and reliance in US protection
June 12 Aguinaldo proclaims Philippine Independence
June 23 Aguinaldo changes the dictatorial government to revolutionary government.
July 15 Aguinaldo creates a cabinet
The Malolos Congress in established
July 17 US reinforcements and troops arrive in the Philippines.
July 24 Fermín Jáudenes becomes acting Governor-General (1898) [19]
August 13 Francisco Rizzo becomes acting Governor-General (1898) [19]
Wesley Merritt appointed Military Governor (1898) [19]
August 14 The Spanish surrender to the US after at mock battle of Manila
August 29 Elwell S. Otis appointed Military Governor (1898–1900) [19]
September Diego de los Ríos becomes acting Governor-General (1898) [19]
September 29 The Malolos Congress meets and elects its officers.
October 11 The Manila Times released its first issue.
December 10 Spain and the US sign the Treaty of Paris. Article III provides for the cession of the Philippines to the US by Spain and the payment of 20 million dollars to Spain by the US.
December 21 US President McKinley issues the Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
1899 January 20 US President McKinley appoints the First Philippine Commission, known as the Schurman Commission
January 21 The Malolos Constitution is promulgated by Aguinaldo.
January 23 The Malolos Republic government is inaugurated. Aguinaldo takes his oath of office as President.
February 4 Hostilities break out between the Filipino and US forces.
February 6 The US Senate ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Spain
March 4 The Schurman Commission arrives in Manila
May 6 Aguinaldo creates a new cabinet
May 18 General Vicente Alvarez establishes the Republic of Zamboanga.
May 20 Aguinaldo's moves face opposition from Apolinario Mabini and Antonio Luna
June 5 Antonio Luna killed
December 2 Gregorio Del Pilar killed in the Battle of Tirad Pass
1900 January 21 The Schurman Commission returns to the US.
February 2 Manila Bulletin released its first issue.
March 16 US President McKinley appoints the second Philippine Commission, known as the Taft Commission
May 5 Arthur MacArthur, Jr appointed Military Governor (1900–1901) [19]
June 3 The Taft Commission arrives in Manila
December 23 Partido Liberal established

20th century

Year Date Event Source
1901 March 2 The Army Appropriation Act, also known as the Spooner Amendment, is passed by the US Senate.
March 23 Aguinaldo is captured by US authorities.
April 1 Aguinaldo takes an oath of allegiance to the US.
June 17 El Colegio de San Beda established
July 4 Adna Chaffee appointed as the last US Military Governor (1901–1902)
A civil government is established in the Philippines with William Howard Taft as the first Civil Governor (1901–1904)
July 18 The US organizes the Philippine Constabulary
August 28 Silliman Institute, later known as Silliman University, is established as the first American university in the Philippines
September The first Filipino members of the second Philippine Commission are appointed
September 27 Guerillas, headed by the Filipino Captain Daza, attack the US military barracks in Balangiga, Samar
September 28 Balangiga massacre occurs
October 20 A U.S. Marine battalion arrives on Samar to conduct the March across Samar operation
November 4 The Philippine Commission enacts the Sedition Law
December 14 An earthquake estimated of magnitude 7.8 shakes Lucena City.
1902 January The first labor union of The Country, Union de Litografose Impresores de Filipinas, is organized.
January 21 The Philippine Commission calls for the organization of Public Schools in the Philippines.
March 30 The US Marines leave Balangiga
April 16 General Miguel Malvar surrenders to the US forces
May Governor Taft negotiates with Pope Leo XIII the sale of the friar lands in the Philippines
May 2 Macario Sakay establishes a second Tagalog Republic.
July 1 The Philippine Organic Act was enacted.
Cooper Act is passed by the US Senate. Philippine Assembly is established
July 4 Americans proclaim the end of the Philippine–American War, however fighting continues
August 3 The Foundation of Iglesia Filipina Independiente separated from Roman Catholic Church was proclaimed by The Union Obrera Democratica with Gregorio Aglipay as The 1st Obispo Maximo
September 17 Pope Leo XIII formally bestows a Pontifical title on the University of Santo Tomas [30][31]
November 12 Bandolerism Act passed by the Philippine Commission. All armed resistance against US rule are considered banditry
1903 Governor Taft enunciates the policy of The Philippines for the Filipinos
June 1 Moro Province was established.
1904 February 1 Luke Edward Wright appointed as Civil Governor (1904–1905)
October 19 The Manila Business School was founded and started its operation (later as the Philippine School of Commerce, 1908, then as the Philippine College of Commerce, 1952, and now the Polytechnic University of the Philippines).
1905 November 3 Henry Clay Ide appointed as Civil Governor (1905–1906)
1906 September 20 James Francis Smith appointed as Civil Governor (1906–1909)
December 3 St. Scholastica's College established by the Benedictine Missionary Sisters of Tutzing
1907 June 3 Centro Escolar University established as Centro Escolar de Señoritas.
June 30 First Congressional Elections held
September 13 Macario Sakay is executed by hanging, ending his Tagalog Republic.
October 16 The First Philippine Assembly is convened.
1908 June 18 The University of the Philippines is established in Manila.
1911 January 27 Mt Taal erupts, and kills 1,334 people
June 16 De La Salle University-Manila is founded as De La Salle College by the Brothers of Christian Schools.
December 28 Tricentennial of the Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomas [30][31]
1913 September 1 Newton W. Gilbert appointed as acting Civil Governor (1913)
October 6 Francis Burton Harrison appointed as Civil Governor (1913–1921)
1914 July 27 Iglesia ni Cristo (largest independent church in Asia) is registered to the government.
1916 October 16 The Jones Law is passed establishing an all-Filipino legislature
Manuel Quezon elected Senate President while Sergio Osmenna is elected as House Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of the Philippines [41][42][43][44][45]
[46][47][48]
1917 January 11 The first cabinet of Filipinos under the US regime is organized.
March 10 Act No. 2711, also known as An Act Amending the Administrative Code, created the provnces of Abra, Albay, Antique, Bataan, Batanes, Batangas, Bohol, Bukidnon, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur. (split from the dissolved Ambos Camarines), Capiz, Catanduanes, Cavite, Cebu, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Iloilo, Isabela, Laguna, La Union, Leyte, Marinduque, Masbate, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, Pangasinan, Pampanga, Palawan, Rizal, Romblon, Sorsogon, Tayabas (now Quezon and Aurora provinces) and Zambales. [38]
1919 September 19 The silent film Dalagang Bukid by José Nepomuceno was released, the first film to be produced locally.
1921 March 5 Charles Yeater appointed as acting Civil Governor (1921)
October 14 Leonard Wood appointed as Civil Governor (1921–1927)
1923 August 29 Santiago Ronquillo, a.k.a. Tiagong Akyat, was killed by a force consisting of Manila Chief of Police John Fulton Green and the Philippine constabulary, in Noveleta, Cavite. [citation needed]
1927 August 7 Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1927)
December 27 Henry L. Stimson appointed as Civil Governor (1927–1929)
1929 February 23 Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1929)
July 8 Dwight F. Davis appointed as Civil Governor (1929–1932)
1930 November 30 The Communist Party of the Philippines is formally established
1932 January 9 George C. Butte appointed as acting Civil Governor (1932)
February 29 Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. appointed as Civil Governor (1932–1933)
June 20 Adamson School of Industrial Chemistry (ASIC) later known as Adamson University was founded by George Lucas Adamson
October 26 The Communist Party of the Philippines is declared illegal by the Supreme Court
1933 July 15 Frank Murphy appointed as the last Civil Governor of the Philippines (1933–1935)
December 7 Governor-General Frank Murphy granted the Right of Suffrage to the Filipino women.
1934 March 24 The Tydings-McDuffie Law, known as the Philippine Independence Law, is approved by US President Roosevelt.
July 10 202 delegates are elected to the Constitutional Convention in accordance with the Tydings-McDuffie Law
July 30 The Philippine Constitutional Convention is inaugurated
1935 February 8 The Constitutional Convention creates a new constitution
February 15 The Philippine Constitution is signed
May 2 The Sakdalista uprising
May 14 The Philippine electorate ratifies the Constitution in a referendum
September 17 Manuel Quezon elected President in the first Philippine Presidential elections [41][42][43][44][45]
November 15 The Philippine Commonwealth is inaugurated
The Office of Civil Governor is abolished
December 21 The National Defense Act of 1935 that created the Armed Forces of the Philippines was signed.
1936 March 25 President Manuel L. Quezon issued Executive Order No. 23 which provided for the technical description and specifications of the Philippine national flag. [41][42][43][44][45]
October 31 The Boy Scouts of the Philippines was established.
1937 February 3–7 33rd International Eucharistic Congress was held in Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines; first in Asia.
1939 July 15 DZRH (KZRH), the first commercial radio station in the Philippines was founded by Samuel Gaches, the owner of H. E. Heacock Company, a department store company based in Escolta, Binondo, Manila.
1940 May 26 The Girl Scouts of the Philippines was established.
1941 November 11 Manuel Quezon re-elected as President [41][42][43][44][45]
December 8 Start of the Japanese Invasion of the Philippines
December 20 President Quezon, his family and the war cabinet move to Corregidor Island [41][42][43][44][45]
December 26 General MacArthur declares Manila an open city [49][50][51][52][53]
December 28 Filipino and US armies retreat to Bataan
December 30 Manuel Quezon takes his oath of Office at the Corregidor Island [41][42][43][44][45]
1942 January 2 Japanese troops enters Manila
January 3 Masaharu Homma appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942)
General Masaharu Homma declares the end of American Rule in the Philippines
Martial Law declared
January 13 All forms of opposition against the Japanese forces declared subject to death penalty
January 23 An executive committee, composed of Filipinos, is formed by General Homma as a conduit of the military administration's policies and requirements.
February 17 The Japanese Military Government issues an order adopting the Japanese educational system in The Country
February 20 President Quezon and the war cabinet leave for the US [41][42][43][44][45]
March 11 General MacArthur leaves for Australia to take command of the South Western Pacific Area [49][50][51][52][53]
March 13 The Commonwealth government is moved to the US
March 29 The People's Anti-Japanese Army or Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (Hukbalahap) is organized.
April A pro-US resistance movement is organized, mainly to provide data to the US on enemy positions
April 9 Bataan, under US commander General Edward King, is the last province that surrenders to the Japanese armies.
May 6 Corregidor Island falls to Japanese forces
June 8 Shizuichi Tanaka appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942–1943)
June 14 The Commonwealth of the Philippines becomes a member of the United Nations
December 30 The Kalibapi is organized by the Japanese
1943 May 28 Shigenori Kuroda appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1943–1942)
June 20 Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo nominates an all Filipino 20 member Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence
September 4 The Philippine Preparatory Commission for Independence drafts a new Constitution which provides for a unicameral national assembly
September 20 The 108 delegates to the National Assembly are chosen by the members of the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence.
September Jose P. Laurel elected President of the Philippines by the National Assembly [54][55][56]
October 14 The puppet government is inaugurated. Laurel takes his oath of office [54][55][56]
November The Philippine economy collapses, the shortage of rice becomes serious.
1944 May The puppet government inaugurates the Green Revolution Movement.
August 1 Sergio Osmena assumes the Office of the President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines after the death of Manuel Quezon [41][42][43][44][45]
[46][47][48]
September 21 US forces raids Manila
September 26 Tomoyuki Yamashita appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1944–1945)
October 20 General MacArthur lands in Palo, Leyte, accompanied by President Sergio Osmena and US troops [46][47][48][49][50]
[51][52][53]
October 23 The Commonwealth government of the Philippines is re-established in Tacloban, Leyte
December 8 Pro-Japanese Philippine generals Pio Duran and Benigno Ramos organize the Makapilis
1945 January 30 Raid at Cabanatuan: 121 American soldiers and 800 Filipino guerrillas free 813 American Prisoners of war from the Japanese-held camp in the city of Cabanatuan in the Philippines.
February 4 US troops enter Manila
February 22 Hukbalahap troop leaders arrested by the US forces
February 24 The Battle of Manila ends. The Japanese surrender to the combined US and Filipino troops
February 27 MacArthur hands over Malacanang Palace to Osmena. [46][47][48][49][50]
[51][52][53]
March 3 The US and Filipino troops recaptured Manila.
March 16 Establishment of the Congress of Labor Organizations (CLO), a federation of labor organizations organized by former leaders of the Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa mga Hapon (Hukbalahap). [57]
March 22 The families of pro-Japanese President Laurel and Speaker Aquino leave the country for Japan to seek refuge [54][55][56]
June 5 The Congress elected in 1941 convenes for the first time
July 5 General MacArthur announces the liberation of the Philippines [49][50][51][52][53]
August 6 The American forces drop an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan.
August 9 The American forces an atomic bomb over Nagasaki, Japan.
August 15 The Empire of Japan accepts defeat
August 17 Philippines President José P. Laurel issues an Executive Proclamation putting an end to the Second Philippine Republic, thus ending to his term as President of the Philippines. [54][55][56]
September 2 The final official Japanese Instrument of Surrender is accepted by the Supreme Allied Commander, General Douglas MacArthur, and Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz for the United States, and delegates from Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, China, and others from a Japanese delegation led by Mamoru Shigemitsu, on board the American battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. [49][50][51][52][53]
Japanese general Tomoyuki Yamashita surrenders to Filipino and American forces at Kiangan, Ifugao.
September 12 Jose P. Laurel is arrested by the US army [54][55][56]
October 24 The United Nations is founded by ratification of its Charter, by 29 nations.
December Manuel Roxas separates from the Nacionalista Party of Sergio Osmena Sr and joins the Liberal Party [46][47][48]
1946 February 23 Tomoyuki Yamashita was hanged at Los Baños, Laguna prison camp.
April 23 Manuel Roxas wins in the last Presidential Election under the Commonwealth
July 4 The United States recognizes the Independence of the Republic of the Philippines
September 30 The Amended Tenancy Act is promulgated.
1947 January 28 President Roxas issues an amnesty proclamation to collaborators
March 6 HUKBALAHAP declared illegal
March 14 The Treaty of General Relations between Philippines and United States was signed.
September 8 The Philippine representative to the Far Eastern Commission, Carlos P. Romulo, signs the Japanese Peace Treaty
1948 April 15 President Roxas dies from a heart attack at Clark Air Field; Vice President Quirino Assumes the Office of President
April 17 Elpidio Quirino takes his oath of office as President of the Philippines
1949 April 28 Aurora Quezon (widow of Pres. Manuel Quezon) was ambushed by the Hukbalahap in Bongabon, Nueva Ecija. [41][42][43][44][45]
1950 June The Philippines joins the Korean War, sending over 7,000 troops under the United Nations command.
June 15 Republic Act No. 505 divided old Mindoro into the new provinces of Mindoro Occidental and Mindoro Oriental. [38]
August 31 President Quirino appoints Ramon Magsaysay as Secretary of the Department of National Defense
1951 March 6 Fort Santiago was declared a National Shrine.
August The National Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) is established
August 30 The Mutual Defense Treaty between Philippines and United States was signed.
October 8 Nicasio “Asiong” Salonga, branded as Tondo’s Public Enemy No. 1 and the kingpin of Manila, was shot and killed by Ernesto Reyes, a henchman of his rival and also notorious gang leader Carlos “Totoy Golem” Capistrano. [58]
1952 June 6 Republic Act No. 711 divided old Zamboanga into the new provinces of Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur. [38]
1953 November 10 Ramon Magsaysay is elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
December 30 Magsaysay takes his oath of office
1954 July 21 The Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty is signed in Manila, creating the South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO)
September 2 At least 82 people were killed in a train crash in Negros Occidental.
December 15 The Laurel-Langley Agreement is signed [54][55][56]
1956 April 25 Republic Act No. 1414 created the province of Aklan, separating from Capiz. [38]
1957 March 17 President Magsaysay dies in a plane crash; Vice-President Carlos P. Garcia assumes the presidency
November 14 Carlos P. Garcia elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
1958 August 28 The Filipino first policy is promulgated
1959 May 22 Republic Act No. 2228 divided old Lanao into the new provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. [38]
Republic Act No. 2227 created the province of Southern Leyte, separating from Leyte. [38]
1960 June 19 Republic Act No. 2786 divided old Surigao into the new provinces of Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur. [38]
1961 January 18 Baguio City experience cold at 6.3-degree Celsius, the country's lowest temperature ever recorded.
December 7 Diosdado Macapagal elected President of the Republic of the Philippines.
December 30 Macapagal takes his oath of office
December 31 Inauguration of the new City of Lapulapu, created by Republic Act No. 3134 on June 17, 1961.
1962 May 12 Independence Day is changed to June 12 by Diosdado Macapagal
1963 April 5 Ferdinand Marcos became President of the Senate of the Philippines.
April 12 Death of Felix Y. Manalo, founder of Iglesia ni Cristo at age of 76
July 28 Twenty-four Filipino Boy Scouts and Scout officials en route to Athens, Greece for the 11th World Jamboree, were among the total of 60 people perished in a plane crash in the Arabian Sea. [59]
August 8 Diosdado Macapagal signed the Agricultural Land Reform Code
1964 August 14 Miss Philippines Gemma Cruz was crowned Miss International 1964, the first Filipino to win the title.
1965 June 19 Republic Act No. 4221 divided old Samar into the new provinces of Western Samar, Northern Samar, and Eastern Samar. [38]
November 9 Ferdinand Marcos elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
December 30 Ferdinand Marcos takes his oath of office
1966 June 18 With the enactment of Republic Act No. 4695 on April, the huge old Mountain Province was abolished and split into four new provinces: Benguet, Mountain Province, Kalinga-Apayao and Ifugao. [38]
Republic Act No. 4669 created the province of Camiguin, separating from Misamis Oriental. [38]
Republic Act No. 4849 created the province of South Cotabato, separating from Empire Province of Cotabato. [38][60]
1967 May 8 Republic Act No. 4867 divided old Davao into the new provinces of Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, and Davao Oriental. [38]
June 17 Republic Act No. 4979 divided old Agusan into the new provinces of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur. [38]
August 8 ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nation) was formed.
1968 March 18 Jabidah massacre
August 2 1968 Casiguran earthquake and the collapse of Ruby Tower
December 26 A new Communist Party of the Philippines established by Jose Maria Sison.
1969 March 29 Jose Maria Sison formally organizes the military arm of the Communist Party of the Philippines, The New People's Army
May 11 Tuguegarao City, Cagayan experienced heat at 42.2 degrees Celsius, the country's highest temperature ever recorded.
June 21 Creation of the Province of Tarlac [38]
July 19 Miss Philippines Gloria Diaz was crowned Miss Universe 1969.
November 11 Ferdinand Marcos re-elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
1970 January First Quarter Storm begins.
November 17 Elections for 315 members of a Constitutional Convention held.
November 20 Typhoon Yoling was one of the deadliest typhoons to strike the Philippines in its history. 611 people were killed
November 27 Pope Paul VI makes his first papal visit in the Philippines, but survived an assassination attempt by Benjamín Mendoza y Amor Flores at Manila International Airport.
1971 February 1–9 Diliman commune
June 1 The Constitutional Convention assembles to rewrite the 1935 Constitution. The Convention elects former President Carlos Garcia as its head.
June 14 Garcia dies and former President Diosdado Macapagal takes over the top position at the Convention.
August 21 Plaza Miranda bombed during the election campaign of the Liberal Party
August 22 President Marcos suspends the Writ of Habeas Corpus
September 10 Republic Act No. 6394 created the province of Quirino, separating from Nueva Vizcaya. [38]
September 17 Republic Act No. 6398 created the province of Siquijor, separating from Negros Oriental [38]
October 10 Leonardo “Nardong Putik” Manecio, one of the most notorious gangsters and dubbed as Cavite’s Public Enemy No. 1 was killed in Imus in a highway shootout with NBI agents. [58]
1972 Suspicious bombing incidents increase all over the country. The MNLF launches its campaign for the independence of the Muslim provinces.
September 21 President Marcos signs the Martial Law Edict (at that time not publicly announced).
September 22 Assassination attempt on Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile
Marcos places the entire country under martial law
September 23 The implementation of martial law is officially announced
Marcos Government shut down and seized ABC-5 (Associated Broadcasting Corporation) and ABS-CBN to take control of all PH media.
Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. is arrested without due cause.
September 26 The whole country is proclaimed a land reform area and an Agrarian Reform Program is decreed.
The first major armed defiance of martial law takes place in Lanao del Sur
October 22 The battle between the MNLF and the government troops ends with the latter regaining control of the city.
November 29 The Constitutional Convention passes the new Constitution of the Philippines.
1973 Misuari leaves The Country for Libya to solicit armed support from Muslim countries for the war in Mindanao.
January 10 A fake plebiscite referendum is held among the citizens' assemblies to ratify the new Constitution
January 15 Chinese drug lord Lim Seng faced his public execution by firing squad at a lot behind the Libingan ng mga Bayani in Fort Bonifacio, the country's first and last of its kind in the post-war Philippine history. [61]
April The National Democratic Front (NDF), the united front organization of the Communist Party of the Philippines, is formally organized.
July 21 Miss Philippines Margarita Moran was crowned Miss Universe 1973.
July 27 Marcos' term as President extended by virtue of a referendum, which was latter proven as a hoax
September 27 Presidential Decree No. 341 created the province of Tawi-Tawi, separating from Sulu. [38]
November 22 Presidential Decree No. 341 divided the dissolved Empire Province of Cotabato into the new provinces of North Cotabato, Maguindanao, and Sultan Kudarat [38]
December 27 Presidential Decree No. 356 created the province of Basilan. [38]
1974 February 27 Presidential appointments to local elective positions declared legal by virtue of another referendum
March 11 Japanese lieutenant Hiroo Onoda, one of the longest-remaining Japanese holdouts, formally surrendering his sword to President Marcos at Malacañang Palace after continuing to fight for 29 years in the Lubang Island. [61]
July 21 Miss Universe 1974, its 23rd pageant, was held in Manila.
December 1 Jose Sison's essay entitled Specific Characteristics of Our People's War published
1975 April 9 The Philippine Basketball Association was formed in Quezon City.
October 2 Thrilla in Manila
November 1 President Ferdinand Marcos issued Presidential Decree 824 creating the Metropolitan Manila Commission (MMC).
1976 January 4 New people's Army Spokesman Satur Ocampo arrested
August 17 An earthquake of 7.8 magnitude and a following tsunami (flood wave) kills 8,000 people on and off the coast of Mindanao.
August 26 Kumander Dante of the New People's Army arrested
October 16 Martial Law allowed to extend by virtue of a Plebiscite
December 23 Tripoli Agreement signed
1977 January 20 The Armed Forces of the Philippines enters into a ceasefire agreement with the MNLF.
March 4 President Marcos issues a decree creating the autonomous Bangsamoro Islamic Government
October Eugenio Lopez, Jr. and Sergio Osmeña III escaped from detention in Fort Bonifacio and flee to the United States.
November 10 The CPP head Jose Maria Sison arrested
November 25 The Military Commission found Benigno Aquino, Jr. guilty of all charges and sentenced him to death by firing squad. but he escaped execution.
December 16 A referendum is held, the result of which again empowers the President to continue in office, and to become Prime Minister as well.
1978 Rodolfo Salas takes over the leadership of the Communist Party of the Philippines.
April 8 Members of the Interim Batasang Pambansa are elected.
October 5 Jesus is Lord Church led by Eddie Villanueva, a former activist and professor was established.
1979 April 10 President Ferdinand Marcos issues Presidential Decree No. 1616 creating the Intramuros Administration [62]
July 30 Eat Bulaga!, the longest running noon-time variety show in the Philippines, premiered on RPN. It was also aired on ABS-CBN from 1989 to 1995 and on GMA Network since 1995.
August 13 Aurora province was established by Batas Pambansa Blg. 7.
October 31 Project Gintong Alay, a national sports program was commenced.
1980 April 22 MV Don Juan bound for Bacolod City sank 20 nautical miles (37 km) off Maestre de Campo Island, Oriental Mindoro after colliding with the oil tanker M/T Tacloban City. Reported casualties were 18 dead and 115 missing, with 745 survivors.
1981 January 18 Martial law lifted.
February 17–21 Pope John Paul II visited the Philippines for his first papal visit.
June 16 Philippine general election and referendum, 1981 (Ferdinand Marcos re-elected to a third term).
June 30 Finance Minister Cesar Virata is elected Prime Minister by the Batasang Pambansa
November 17 Accident during the construction of the Manila Film Center, 169 were killed.
1982 March 30 At least 38 deaths resulted when Typhoon Nelson tore through the central and southern areas of the country.
1983 August 21 Benigno Aquino, Jr. assassinated
1984 May 14 Philippine parliamentary election, 1984
August 19 El Shaddai DWXI Prayer Partners Foundation International, Inc. led by Bro. Mike Z. Velarde, a geological engineer and movie producer was established.
September 1 Typhoon Nitang struck the Philippines. It killed 1,492 people and 1,856 more were injured. Roughly 1.6 million people were affected in the country.
November 14 Cesar Climaco assassinated
December 1 Manila LRT Line 1 opened as the Southeast Asia's first rail line.
1985 June 12 New Design Banknotes Released
September 20 The Escalante massacre was an incident in Escalante City, Negros Occidental where paramilitary forces of the government gunned down civilians engaged in a protest-rally in commemoration of the 13th anniversary of the declaration of Martial Law.
December 2 Armed Forces of the Philippines chief of staff General Fabian Ver and 25 others were acquitted.
December 9 Philippine Daily Inquirer released its first issue.
1986 February 7 Philippine presidential election, 1986
February 9 Thirty computer technicians of the Commission on Elections walked out of their jobs after they were ordered to cheat the election returns in favor of President Marcos. [57]
February 16 Batasang Pambansa declared Marcos and Arturo Tolentino as President and Vice-President, respectively. Corazon Aquino, widow of Benigno Aquino, Jr., expressed protest.
February 22–25 EDSA Revolution ousts President Marcos; Corazon Aquino becomes president
March 25 Aquino abolishes Interim Batasang Pambansa and the constitution and adopts Freedom Constitution.
July 22 DZMM and DWKO established as the first post-revolution radio stations.
July 28 The Philippine Star released its first issue.
September 13 The Mt. Data Peace Accord was signed between the Philippine Government and the separatist Cordillera Bodong Administration-Cordillera People's Liberation Army.
November 13 KMU chairman Rolando Olalia was shot dead in Antipolo, Rizal by attributing his party leaders within the military.
1987 January 22 Mendiola massacre occurred, 13 people were killed
February 2 The constitution drafted by the Constitutional Commission of 1986 is adopted, after a vote of 76.37% in the referendum for its ratification.
February 11 Manila Standard released its first issue.
March 2 TV Patrol, the longest-running Filipino spoken evening newscast, starts its broadcast on ABS-CBN.
May 11 Philippine legislative election, 1987
June 27 Philippine Airlines PR 206 crashes into a mountain in Benguet with 50 passengers killed.
August 28–29 Coup attempt takes place when rebel soldiers made a threatened reprisal against Aquino and ended in a gunfight with 50 people killed and 200 wounded as Government troops fizzled the plot.
October 18 Canonization of San Lorenzo Ruiz, the first Filipino saint
November 25 Super Typhoon Sisang slammed into Luzon, killing 1,063 people.
December 20 The MV Doña Paz and MT Vector were collided and sank in Tablas Strait, killing 4,341 passengers and crew. The collision made as the deadliest peace-time maritime disaster of the 20th century.
1988 January 18 Local elections were held under the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines.
June 10 Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program was signed by President Aquino to provide land reform for Filipino farmers.
October 17 Interior Bases Agreement was signed by the Philippines and United States.
October 23–24 Typhoon Unsang struck into Luzon.
1989 January 5 Camp Cawa-Cawa in Zamboanga City was seized by Rizal Alih and his armed mutinous soldiers. The hostage of the police headquarters building was ended in a gunfight and an airstrike which killed seven people including Gen. Eduardo Batallia and Col. Romeo Abendan of the Philippine Constabulary.
March 31 The famous alleged Marian apparition in the town of Agoo, La Union to Judiel Nieva.
July 17 DZBB established as the first AM radio stations was known as Bisig Bayan.
August 1 Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao region was first created through Republic Act No. 6734 (the Organic Act).
August 13–15 A hostage crisis at the Davao Metropolitan District Command Center (Davao Metrodiscom) occurred, perpetrated by the group of inmates led by Felipe Pugoy and Mohammad Nazir Samparani which resulted to the death of 5 hostages and all 16 inmates.
September 20 Lea Salonga begins her performance in the West End production of Miss Saigon in London, for the leading role of Kim.
September 28 Death of Ferdinand Marcos
December 1–9 The most serious coup d'etat against the government of Philippine President Corazon Aquino was staged by members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines belonging to the Reform the Armed Forces Movement (RAM) and soldiers loyal to former President Ferdinand Marcos led by Colonel Gregorio Honasan, General Edgardo Abenina, and retired General Jose Ma. Zumel.
1990 March 4 Hotel Delfino in Tuguegarao, Cagayan was seized by suspended Governor Rodolfo Aguinaldo and his armed men of 200. The siege was immediately followed by a gunfight, killing Brigader General Oscar Florendo, his driver and four members of the civilian staff and several guests, and 10 more wounded. Aguinaldo was escaped in the mountains after a shootout in a military checkpoint.
July 16 The Luzon earthquake struck with a surface wave magnitude of 7.8. The earthquake caused damage within an area of about 20,000 square kilometers, stretching from the mountains of the Cordillera Administrative Region and through the Central Luzon region.
October 4–6 Forces loyal to Col. Alexander Noble declared the independence of Mindanao in October 4 and seized two military garrisons in Cagayan de Oro and Butuan. Noble forces were compromised by government forces and later turned himself in to the government in October 6.
November 12 Typhoon Ruping slammed Visayas and affected Cebu City, Bacolod City, and other key cities in the Visayas.
1991 January 29 Merger of the Philippine Constabulary with the Integrated National Police to form the Philippine National Police.
June 15 Mount Pinatubo erupts in what will be the second largest terrestrial eruption of the 20th century; the final death toll tops 847.
June 30 The massacre of Estrellita, Carmela, and Jennifer Vizconde.
July 13 Hultman-Chapman murder case
September 16 Senate of the Philippines rejects renewal of U.S military bases in the Philippines
November 4–5 Tropical Storm Uring lashes into Eastern Visayas, leaving 8,000 people dead as a result of widespread flooding in the coastal city of Ormoc, Leyte.
1992 January 15 Pag-asa was hatched in Davao City becoming the first Philippine eagle to be successfully bred and hatched in captivity.
May 11 Philippine general election, 1992 (Fidel V. Ramos is elected)
Biliran province was established through Republic Act No. 7160.
May 22 Guimaras province was established through Republic Act No. 7160.
August 24–29 The team representing the Zamboanga City Little League won the International Championship of the 1992 Little League World Series held in Pennsylvania. However, it was discovered that the Filipino team violated age and residency rules and Little League stripped them of their title.
1993 June 28–29 Sarmenta-Gomez Rape-slay case.
July 2 A pagoda sank in Bocaue, Bulacan, killing 266 people.
September 24 Biggest corruption case in the Philippines. Former first lady Imelda Marcos was convicted for the first time of corruption and sentenced to 24 years in prison. [57]
1994 March 29 The Philippines gets connected to the Internet.
May 21 Miss Universe 1994, its 43rd pageant, was held in Manila.
November 15 Mindoro earthquake
December 27 A scandal broke out during the 1994 Metro Manila Film Festival's Gabi ng Parangal held in PICC, the case in which both the Best Actress and Best Actor awards were given to Ruffa Gutierrez and Gabby Concepcion respectively instead of the supposed-to-be winners (Roi Vinzon and Kimberly Diaz).
1995 January 6 Discovery of Bojinka plot.
January 10–15 Pope John Paul II visited the Philippines for the World Youth Day held in Manila.
February 14 Kalinga-Apayao split into separate provinces in the north and south, by Republic Act No. 7878.
March 17 Flor Contemplacion was executed in Singapore.
April 3 Ipil massacre
April 30 President Ramos inaugurated the opening of Subic International Airport (formerly a United States military base). This indicates growth after the removal of military bases in the country.
May 8 Philippine general election, 1995
May 17 Kuratong Baleleng case
October 31 Super Typhoon Rosing
November 27 The construction of the Skyway project was initiated, the biggest infrastructure project in the country that was intended to ease the flow of traffic in Metro Manila.
1996 March 18 Fire razes Ozone Disco, killing 162 guests including college graduating students and 95 more injured.
March 24 Marcopper mining disaster
August 1 Sarah Balabagan, the OFW who was accused of killing an Arab employee was freed.
August 4 Onyok Velasco won the silver medal after he defeated the enemy in the semifinal round (boxing). But he lost a gold medal after defeated by the Bulgarian at the end of 1996 Atlanta Olympics. However, Velasco returned in the country as a hero and received over ₱10-million total prize.
September 2 A permanent peace agreement is signed at the Malacañan Palace between the Government of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front.
November 24–25 8th Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit was held in Subic.
1997 July Asian financial crisis
1998 February 2 Cebu Pacific Flight 387 crashed on the slopes of Mount Sumagaya in Claveria, Misamis Oriental, 104 passengers were killed.
March 8 Compostela Valley, the 78th province, was established by Republic Act No. 8470.
May 11 Philippine general election, 1998 (Joseph Estrada is elected)
June 12 Centennial of Philippine Independence
1999 February 5 Leo Echegaray was the first Filipino to be executed by lethal injection at the New Bilibid Prison in Muntinlupa City.
August 3 A massive landslide occurred in Cherry Hills subdivision in Antipolo City, Rizal province that was primarily caused by the heavy rains of the approaching Typhoon Olga.

21st century

Year Date Event Source
2000 January 1 The Philippines celebrates the new 2000 millennium nationwide.
March 15 President Estrada declares an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).
April 19 Air Philippines Flight 541 Boeing 737-2H4 crashed in Island Garden City of Samal, Davao del Norte, killing 131, the worst air disaster in the Philippine history.
May 3 Abu Sayyaf terrorists hostaged 21 people including 10 tourists and 11 resort workers in a resort island of Sipadan, Malaysia. The hostage crisis lasts four months.
July 10 Payatas landslide
November 13 President Estrada impeached by House of Representatives
December 7 The Senate formally initiated the proceedings in impeachment case against President Estrada. Chief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr. presided the trial.
December 30 Rizal Day bombings
2001 January 16 After 11 senators voted not to open the second envelope, which containing the documents against President Estrada, the prosecutors walked out.
January 17–20 Second EDSA Revolution lasted 4 days.
February 22 Zamboanga Sibugay, the 79th province, was established by Republic Act No. 8973 signed into law by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
April 30 EDSA III
May 14 Philippine general election, 2001
May 27 Dos Palmas kidnappings; crisis lasted 12 months
August 18 A fire swept through the Manor Hotel in Quezon City and killed at least 68 people.
2002 March 5 Mindanao earthquake
May 31 Hostage crisis in Pasay City Bus Terminal, a 4-year-old boy was killed.
June 21 Death of Abu Sabaya, leader of Abu Sayyaf.
2003 July 27 Oakwood mutiny
2004 February 27 SuperFerry 14 was bombed by the Abu Sayyaf terrorists killing 116 people.
May 10 Philippine general election, 2004 (Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo elected to a six-year term)
November 16 Hacienda Luisita massacre occurred, 14 were killed.
2005 February 14 Valentine's Day Bombings
June 27 Hello Garci scandal (Legitimacy of declared election winners questioned)
2006 February 4 A stampede occurred at the PhilSports Complex, causing the deaths of 74 people.
February 17 Southern Leyte mudslide
February 24 A state of emergency was declared in February in response to coup rumours.
May 18 Mountaineer Leo Oracion reached the summit of Mount Everest via the Nepalese side.
June 24 President Arroyo signed the repeal of the death penalty law.
August 11 An oil spill off the coast of Guimaras occurs, causing widespread environmental damage.
September 28 Typhoon Milenyo struck Luzon
November 30 Typhoon Reming struck Bicol Region
December 2 Dinagat Islands, the 80th province, was established as a province upon the approval of Republic Act No. 9355, in a plebiscite.
December 4 Subic rape case verdict, Daniel Smith found guilty.
2007 May 14 Philippine general election, 2007
July 11 Fourteen members of the Philippine Marines were found beheaded after an encounter against Islamic rebels in Basilan
August 28 Exiled Communist Party of the Philippines founding chairman Jose Maria Sison was arrested at Utrecht, Netherlands.
September 12 The Sandiganbayan convicted former president Joseph Estrada for plunder and sentenced him to reclusion perpetua while acquitting him and his co-accused on other charges.
October 19 Glorietta mall explosion
October 26 Former President Joseph Estrada was pardoned and free from jail after his trial.
November 13 An explosion at the House of Representatives building in Quezon City kills four people.
November 29 Manila Peninsula mutiny
2008 February 4–5 The House of Representatives voted to replace House Speaker Jose de Venecia with Prospero Nograles.
February 8 Jun Lozada, an official with the DENR, testified before the Philippine Senate in connection with the National Broadband Network contract deal.
March 24 The family of Corazon Aquino announces that the former President is suffering from colon cancer.
May 16 Eight employees and a security guard of a Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation (RCBC) branch in Cabuyao, Laguna were killed in a bank robbery.
May 27 The Manila Electric Company held its tension-filled annual stockholders meeting, which lasted for more than 13 hours, making it the longest stockholders' meeting in Philippine corporate history.
June 21 The MV Princess of the Stars, owned by Sulpicio Lines that carried 626 passengers and 121 crew members, stalled in rough seas near Sibuyan Island.
November 9 Miss Philippines Karla Henry was crowned Miss Earth 2008 during the coronation night held at Angeles City, the first Filipino to win the title.
2009 January 15 Three International Committee of the Red Cross volunteers were kidnapped by the rebel group Abu Sayyaf
August 1 Death of former president Corazon Aquino.
August 31 Death of Eraño Manalo, Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo.
September 26 Great Flood because of Typhoon Ondoy
November 23 Maguindanao massacre
2010 May 10 The 2010 Philippine general elections, also the first national computerized election in the Philippine history, took place.
June 9 President-elect Benigno Aquino III won the Presidential election, being the 15th President of the Philippines.
June 30 Inauguration of the President-elect Benigno Aquino III took place, officially declaring him as the 15th President of the Philippines.
August 23 The hostage crisis in Manila took place, killing eight Hong Kong holidaymakers.
October 16–18 Typhoon Juan, officially as Typhoon Megi, hits northeastern Luzon at Sierra Madre, creating widespread damage over Luzon.
December 14 Vizconde Massacre Case Finished. Result Webb's Freedom
December 16 Philippine New Banknotes Released
2011 January 24 UST Quadricentennial Celebration
July 26 The heroism of 12-year-old schoolgirl Janela Lelis.
August 11 Atty. Koko Pimentel proclaimed as Senator of the Republic of the Philippines.
November 18 Former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was arrested.
December 12 188 members of the House of Representatives signed an impeachment complaint against Chief Justice Renato Corona.
December 16–18 Typhoon Sendong crossed the Visayas and Mindanao region, leaving almost 1,500 people dead and more than thousands missing.
2012 January 7 A landslide in Compostela Valley killed more than 30 people.
May 29 20 of 23 Senators voted to find Chief Justice Renato Corona guilty on Article II of the Articles of Impeachment filed against him, removing him from office.
July 10 Death of Comedy King Dolphy
August 18 Death of Jesse Robredo, Secretary of the Department of the Interior and Local Government
October 15 The Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro is signed which seeks for the creation of a new autonomous political entity, Bangsamoro replacing the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao.
October 21 Canonization of San Pedro Calungsod
December 4–9 Typhoon Pablo caused widespread destruction on the island of Mindanao, leaving thousands of people homeless.
December 21 The Reproductive Health Bill was signed.
2013 May 13 Philippine general election, 2013
May 15 The Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, commonly known as K–12 program was signed.
July 27 The United Federated States of Bangsamoro Republik (UFSBR) declares its independence from the Philippines
September 28 The UFSBR ceases to exists as it is defeated in the Zamboanga City crisis.
Miss Philippines Megan Young was crowned Miss World 2013.
October 15 At 8:12 a.m. (PST) in the morning, the Bohol province suffered a severe earthquake with a magnitude of 7.2 Ms. Its epicenter was located at a depth of 33 kilometres (21 mi), 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) east of Carmen, Bohol, and 629 kilometres (391 mi) from the Philippines' capital, Manila. The quake was felt as far as Davao City, a city located in the island of Mindanao. Ninety-nine were reported dead while 276 people were injured. It was the deadliest earthquake in the Philippines in 23 years. The energy of the quake released was equivalent to 32 Hiroshima bombs dropped in Hiroshima, Japan during the World War II.
October 28 Davao Occidental, the 81st province, was established through its ratification in a plebiscite.
November 8 Typhoon Haiyan known in the Philippines as "Yolanda" hits Regions MIMAROPA, Western Visayas, Central Visayas, and Eastern Visayas resulting of 6,300 deaths, 27,665 injured, 1,785 missing and ₱138,552,546.55 (US$3,208,322.78) total damages.
2014 March 27 The Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro was signed.
May 23 The Philippines and Indonesia signed a maritime treaty that draws the boundary of the two countries' overlapping Exclusive Economic Zone in Mindanao and Celebes seas.
July 27 The Centennial Celebration of the Iglesia ni Cristo.
Philippines marks a milestone in its population growth identifying the birth of a baby girl in a Manila hospital as the 100 millionth Filipino.
September 10 President Aquino III lead the handover of the draft of the Bangsamoro Basic Law to the Senate and House leaders in a historical turnover ceremony at the Malacañang.
November 20 Ozone Disco Club fire Case Finished. Result 7 officials of Quezon City convicted.
December 6 Typhoon Ruby, officially as Typhoon Hagupit hits Western Visayas, and Eastern Visayas, creating widespread damage over Visayas.
December 29 BSP announces demonetizing the old Philippine Banknotes (issued in 1985).
2015 January 15–19 The Papal visit of Pope Francis in the Philippines.
January 25 44 PNP-SAF officers were killed in Maguindanao.
February 25 The AFP declared its all-out offensive campaign against the MILF break away group, the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters.
April 14 Death of Ameril Umbra Kato, the founding leader of the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters.
April 29 The execution of the convicted Filipina drug mule Mary Jane Veloso was postponed.
May 3 Manny Pacquiao was defeated by Floyd Mayweather Jr. in the so-called Battle For Greatness in MGM Grand Garden Arena, Las Vegas, Nevada.
Abdul Basit Usman, the most wanted bomb expert in the country, was killed by a MILF group unit in Guindulungan, Maguindanao.
May 13 Kentex Manufacturing slippers factory fire occurred. Result 72 employees were killed.
June 5 President Benigno Aquino III signed Executive Order 183 that created the Negros Island Region.
June 28 Death of Kumander Parago, the top commander of the New People’s Army.
July 23 The Iglesia ni Cristo has expelled Tenny and Angel Manalo.
July 27 President Benigno Aquino III takes his final State of the Nation Address.
August 27–31 Iglesia ni Cristo members staged demonstrations near the DOJ office and later in EDSA.
October 18 Typhoon Lando officially as Typhoon Koppu hits northern and central Luzon, creating widespread damage and floods over Luzon.
November 18–19 APEC Philippines 2015 was held, which concluded with the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting.
December 14–19 Typhoon Nona devastates parts of the Philippines, killing 41 and cost ₱2 billion in damages.
December 21 Miss Philippines Pia Alonzo Wurtzbach was crowned Miss Universe 2015.
2016 January 24–31 51st International Eucharistic Congress was held in Cebu City, Philippines.
February 10 The National Mapping and Resource Information Authority announces that it has documented more than 400 additional islands.
February 29 Re-interment of the remains of the late former President Elpidio Quirino was held in Libingan ng mga Bayani on his 60th death anniversary.
March 23 Diwata-1 was launched to the International Space Station aboard the Cygnus spacecraft on a supply mission.
April 1 At least 3 are killed and several others were wounded when police dispersed a farmers' protest action in Kidapawan.
April 9 18 soldiers and 5 Abu Sayyaf bandits are killed during a clash in Tipo-Tipo, Basilan.
May 9 The 2016 National and Local elections was held.
May 22 Arianwen Rollan was awarded for her Malunggay Anti-Cancer research.
Jaclyn Jose wins the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival.
May 28 Philippines beats Thailand in the 2016 SEABA Stankovic Cup.
May 30 Rodrigo Duterte and Leni Robredo were proclaimed as the new President and Vice President of the Philippines.
June 30 Rodrigo Duterte and Leni Robredo were inaugurated as the 16th President of the Philippines and 14th Vice President of the Philippines.
July 6 The Philippines men's national basketball team ends their bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil after they were defeated by New Zealand in the 2016 FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament.
July 12 The Permanent Court of Arbitration ruled in favor of the Philippines against China over territorial disputes in the South China Sea
July 14 Former Vice President Jejomar Binay was filed by the Office of the Ombudsman with graft, falsification and violation of the government procurement law charges in connection with the Makati City Hall Building II project.
July 19 The Supreme Court acquits former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo of her plunder case regarding the alleged misuse of funds for the PCSO in an 11–4 ruling.
July 23 President Duterte signs an executive order for the implementation of the Freedom of Information (FOI).
July 25 First State of the Nation Address of Rodrigo Duterte.
August 1 Launch of the 911 emergency number and 8888 civil service complaint hotline
August 7 At the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Hidilyn Diaz wins a silver medal at the Women's 53 kg event for weightlifting. It is the Philippines' tenth Olympic medal overall and the country's first since the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, 20 years prior.
September 2 An explosion rocks a night market in Davao City, where at least 15 people were killed and 70 were reported to have been injured.
September 4 President Rodrigo Duterte issued Proclamation No. 55 declaring a state of emergency in the Philippines on account of lawless violence following the Davao City bombing.
September 10 Lav Diaz’s Ang Babaeng Humayo wins the Golden Lion, in the 73rd Venice International Film Festival.
September 11 Janelle Frayna became the Philippines’ first female chess grandmaster after achieving her third and final norm during Round 9 of the World Chess Olympiad in Baku, Azerbaijan.
September 12 At the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro, Josephine Medina wins a bronze medal at the women's individual – Class 8 tournament for table tennis. It is the Philippines' second Paralympic medal overall after Adeline Dumapong won a bronze for powerlifting at the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney, 16 years prior.
October 19 Typhoon Haima (Lawin). Typhoon signal number 5 raised for the first time.
October 27 Miss Philippines Kylie Verzosa crowned Miss International 2016.
November 5 Philippine Drug War: Death of Rolando Espinosa
November 18 The controversial burial of Ferdinand Marcos at the Heroes' Cemetery
December 28 27 were injured after an improvised explosive device (IED) explodes during a boxing fight in a festival in Hilongos, Leyte.
2017 January 4 About a hundred armed men, whose affiliation is undetermined, launched an attack on a prison in Kidapawan freeing at least 158 inmates.
January 5 Death of Mohammad Jaafar Maguid, the leader of Ansar Al-Khilafah Philippines.
January 11 President Duterte signed an executive order mandating universal access to modern family planning tools.
January 17 Several parts of Visayas and Mindanao experienced flooding as a result of a low pressure area, combined with the tail-end of a cold front.
January 30 Miss Universe 2016, its 65th pageant, was held in Manila.
February 10 A 6.7 magnitude earthquake hits Surigao del Norte, killing at least 8 people.
February 21 A tour bus carrying college students bound for a camping site in Tanay, Rizal, lost brakes and crashed into a roadside electricity pole, killing 15 and injuring 40 on board.
February 24 Arrest of Leila de Lima for violations of Republic Act 9165, (Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002) related to her alleged involvement in the New Bilibid Prison drug trafficking scandal.
February 28 Philippines' signing of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
April 11 10 were killed after a series of clashes between the AFP, PNP and Abu Sayyaf that took place in Inabanga, Bohol.
April 18 2017 Nueva Ecija bus accident, one of the deadliest road accidents in the Philippines in recent history.
May 16 President Rodrigo Duterte signed Executive Order No. 25, that renamed Benham Rise to Philippine Rise.
President Rodrigo Duterte signed Executive Order No. 26, that ordered a nationwide smoking ban.
May 23 President Rodrigo Duterte signed Proclamation No. 216 declaring a 60-day martial law in Mindanao following clashes between government forces and the Maute group in Marawi.
June 2 A gunman attacked Resorts World Manila in Pasay around midnight, caused a major panic within the complex. Around 38 people were dead, due to smoke inhalation from the fire while injuring 70 people.
July 30 Sixteen people, including Mayor Reynaldo Parojinog Sr. and his wife, are killed in a police drug raid in Ozamiz, Misamis Occidental.

See also

References

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Further reading

External links